Holiness Word Study

Holiness Word Study

Note: This reference list does not include Greek words that designate holy objects (HAGIA) or holy places (HAGION). This reference list is intended to;

1. Show quickly which identical Greek words are translated into the different English forms (in the King James text) that pertain to the work of sanctification in the transformation process of the Christian’s character.

2. To enable the reader to see the characteristic usages of the inspired writers where the word sanctification (HAGIAZO, my standing) and the word for progressive sanctification over a duration of time (HAGIASMOS, HAGIOSUNE, my state) appear in the text.

1. HAGIOS (adjective). While HAGIAZO speaks of holiness in the vicarious sense; “to be designated as,” HAGIOS speaks of holiness in a quality sense the state of one’s moral excellence as implied in its use when referring to God the Father, and the moral state into which all saints (HAGIOI) have been called.
Matthew 4:5; 7:6; 24:15; 25:31; 27:53. Mark 6:20; 8:38. Luke 1:49; 1:70,72; 2:23; 9:26. John 17:11. Acts 3:21; 4:27,30; 6:13; 7:33; 10:22; 21:28. Romans 1:2; 7:12; 11:16;12:1; 16:16. I Corinthians 3:17; 7:14, 34; 16:20. 2 Corinthians 13:12. Ephesians 1:4; 2:21; 3:5; 5:27. Colossians 1:22; 3:12. I Thessalonians 5:26,27. 2 Timothy 1:9. Hebrews 3:1. I Peter 1:15,16; 2:5,9; 3:5. 2 Peter 1:18,21; 2:21; 3:2,11. Jude 20. Revelation 3:7; 4:8; 6:10; 11:12; 14:10; 18:20; 20:6; 21:2,10; 22:6,11,19.

2. HAGIOSUNE (noun). The character of holiness as used to distinguish the moral character of Christ from natural character. W. E. Vine says, “In each place [it is found in Scripture,] character is in view.” To make a simple difference between this word HAGIOSUNE and the other Greek noun, HAGIASMOS, translated as sanctification would be that HAGIASMOS implies the conduct of holiness while HAGIOSUNE implies the character of holiness. So while these two Greek Nouns seem always to apply to conduct and character emanating from a moralistic nature within, HAGIAZO, the verb is used when something is declared holy or sanctified (set aside) unto God in some respect.
Romans 1:4. 2 Corinthians 7:1. 1Thessalonians 3:13.

3. HAGIASMOS (noun). Used to refer to the state of one who is saved and separated unto the God and has taken up that “course of life befitting those so separated. Sanctification … is the separation of the believer from evil things and ways.” (W. E. Vine) Holy Conduct.
Romans 6:19,22. I Corinthians 1:30. I Thessalonians 4:3,4,7. 2 Thessalonians 2:13. I Timothy 2:15. Hebrews 12:14. I Peter 1:2.

4. HAGIAZO (verb). Means to declare holy or set apart by the decree of God for service. This word implies vicarious holiness in that it is imputed or given by decree from One who is holy by nature to a person or thing that is non-holy. It speaks of standing as opposed to state. So while this verb (HAGIAZO) used characteristically in context as denoting an object or person being arbitrarily and instantaneously declared holy by God, it can also imply a state of progressive holiness. However there are no other verbs derived from the simple form of HAGIOS. Therefore HAGIAZO is the only Greek form used to declare a person or thing holy instantaneously and is most usually used in this way. Example: John 17:17. The word sanctify here (HAGIASON) is in the aorist tense and not in the present progressive tense as one might believe by reading the English text. In other words, this word sanctification, in this text as Jesus uses it, is instantaneous in meaning. On the other hand HAGIASMOS and HAGIOSUNE are never used to express instantaneous holiness while HAGIAZO is. This proves that there are two distinguishable kinds of holiness clearly implied in the English text and well established by the grammar of the Greek text. Liberal thinkers and contemporary fundamental theologians are carelessly muddling the doctrine of sanctification when they confuse the two distinguishable experiences of instantaneous sanctification

(HAGIAZO) which takes place at the cross and holiness (HAGIOSUNE/HAGIASMOS) of the new nature which takes place after the cross. A sloppy treatment of this supreme moral element of the redemptive plan is the corrupting doctrinal error that fosters all moral decay and apostasy within the church. It is false teaching that glibly leaves the Christian student believing that instantaneous and progressive holiness are one.
John 17:19. Acts 20:32; 26:18. Romans 15:16. I Corinthians 1:2,6,11; 7:14 (twice). I Timothy 4:5. 2 Timothy 2:21. Hebrews 2:11; 10:14,29. Jude 1.
Matthew 23:17,19. John 10:36; 17:17,19. Ephesians 5:26. I Thessalonians 5:23. Hebrews 2:11; 9:13; 13:12. I Peter 3:15.
Matthew 6:9. Luke 11:2.
Revelation 22:11

5. HASIOS (adverb). Meaning pure from evil conduct. Used referring to the excellent moral conduct of the apostles. Holy conduct. Distinguishing the character of Christians as being on a much higher plain of moral behavior in contrast to those outside of Christ.
I Timothy 2:8. Titus 1:8. Hebrews 7:26. Revelation 15:4.
I Thessalonians 2:10.

6. EUSEBEIA (noun). Devout, reverent, that piety attributed to those who strive to please God.
Acts 3:12.
I Timothy 2:2; 3:16; 4:7,8; 6:3,5,6,11. 2 Timothy 3:5.Titus 1:1. 2 Peter 1:3,6,7; 3:11.

7. HOSIOTES (noun). A moral quality that reflects a very high esteem for the things of grace. A high regard for truth and especially the truth of the Word.
Luke 1:75. Ephesians 4:24.

8. HIEROPREPES (noun). According to W. E. Vine this word comes from two Greek words, HIEROS-sacred, and PREPO-to be fitting. To have demeanor that is sacred and befitting one who professes holiness (god-likeness). Conduct and mannerism that reflects divine character.
Titus 2:3.

9. HAGIOTES (noun). Sanctity. The evidence of holiness by knowing the character of a person. A moral state assumed and attributed by the virtues they manifest.
Hebrews 12:10.


The Word Study Concordance
By Wigram and Winter
William Cary Library
1705 N. Sierra Borita,
Pasadena, California

Linguistic Key to the New
Fritz Rienecker/Cleon Rodgers

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